March 13, 2023 Addiction

Fentanyl in Indiana: How to Stay Safe
In Indiana, fentanyl has become a major concern for public health officials, with overdose deaths from opioids increasing sharply.

In recent years, the opioid epidemic has swept across the United States, affecting communities of all sizes and demographics. One of the most concerning developments in this crisis has been the rise of fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that is far more potent than other commonly used drugs.

In Indiana, fentanyl has become a major concern for public health officials and law enforcement agencies, with overdose deaths from the dangerous substances increasing sharply in recent years. In this blog post, we’ll explore what fentanyl is, why it’s so dangerous, and what you can do to protect yourself and your loved ones.

Drug Use and Abuse


Opioids are a class of drugs that includes prescription painkillers like oxycodone and hydrocodone, as well as illegal drugs like heroin. These drugs are highly effective at relieving pain, but they also come with a high risk of drug abuse, addiction, and overdose. Opioids work by binding to specific receptors in the brain, blocking pain signals and producing feelings of pleasure and euphoria.


Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is 50-100 times more potent than morphine. It was originally developed as a painkiller for cancer patients and other people with severe pain, but it has since become widely used as a recreational drug. Fentanyl is often mixed with other drugs like heroin or cocaine, making it even more dangerous.

Synthetic Opioids

Fentanyl is just one example of a synthetic opioid, a chemically synthesized drug designed to mimic the effects of natural opioids like morphine. Other synthetic opioids include carfentanil, sufentanil, and tramadol. These drugs are often cheaper and easier to manufacture than natural opioids, making them attractive to drug traffickers.


Heroin is an illegal opioid that is derived from morphine. It is typically injected, smoked, or snorted, and it produces a powerful high that is both physically and psychologically addictive. Many people who become addicted to prescription painkillers like oxycodone or hydrocodone eventually turn to heroin as a cheaper and more accessible alternative.


One of the biggest risks of opioid use is addiction. Opioids are highly addictive drugs that can quickly lead to physical and psychological dependence. Addiction is a chronic disease that affects the brain, causing changes in behavior, motivation, and decision-making. People who are addicted to opioids often continue to use them despite negative consequences like job loss, financial problems, or legal issues.

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse refers to the use of drugs or alcohol in a way that causes problems in a person’s life. Substance abuse can lead to addiction, as well as a range of physical and mental health issues. Substance abuse is a major public health problem in the United States, and it can affect people of all ages and backgrounds.

Illicit Drugs

Illicit drugs are drugs that are illegal to use or possess. These drugs include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and fentanyl, among others. Illicit drugs are often more dangerous than legal drugs because they are unregulated and can be contaminated with other substances.

Public Health

Drug Overdose

Drug overdose occurs when a person takes more of a drug than their body can handle. Overdose can be accidental or intentional, and it can occur with any drug, including prescription drugs, illicit drugs, and over-the-counter drugs. Overdose is a leading cause of death in the United States, with opioids being responsible for a significant proportion of these drug overdose deaths.

Overdose Deaths

Overdose deaths have been increasing in the state of Indiana in recent years, with fentanyl being a major contributor to this trend.

In 2020, Indiana saw a record number of overdose deaths, with 2,766 people dying from drug overdoses. Of these deaths, more than half involved synthetic opioids like fentanyl.

Health Crisis

The opioid epidemic has been declared a public health crisis in the United States, with millions of people struggling with addiction and overdose. The crisis has put a strain on healthcare systems, law enforcement agencies, and communities as a whole.

Public Health Emergency

In 2017, Indiana Governor Eric Holcomb declared a public health emergency in response to the state’s opioid epidemic. The emergency allowed the state to allocate more resources to prevention, treatment, and recovery efforts.

Prescription Drugs

Prescription drugs are drugs that can only be obtained with a prescription from a licensed healthcare provider. These drugs include opioids like oxycodone and hydrocodone, which are commonly prescribed to treat pain. Prescription drugs can be just as dangerous as illegal drugs when they are misused or abused.

Pain Management

Pain management is an important aspect of healthcare, as chronic pain can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. However, the use of opioids for pain management has come under scrutiny in recent years due to the risk of addiction and overdose. Healthcare providers are encouraged to use alternative treatments for pain whenever possible and to carefully monitor patients who are prescribed opioids.

Law Enforcement and Crime

Drug Trafficking

Drug trafficking refers to the transportation, distribution, and sale of illegal drugs. Drug traffickers often use violence and intimidation to maintain control over their operations, and they can have a significant impact on communities.


Narcotics are drugs that produce a sedative effect and relieve pain. The term is often used to refer to opioids, although it can also include other drugs like benzodiazepines. Narcotics are often associated with addiction and overdose.

What You Can Do to Stay Safe

The rise of fentanyl and other synthetic opioids has made drug use more dangerous than ever. However, there are steps you can take to protect yourself and your loved ones:


Fentanyl and other synthetic opioids have had a devastating impact on communities across the United States, including Indiana. It’s important to understand the risks associated with opioid use and to take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones.

By avoiding illicit drugs, seeking help for addiction, using overdose prevention tools, disposing of unused drugs, and educating yourself and others, you can help prevent the spread of the opioid epidemic and promote a healthier, safer community.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is fentanyl and how is it different from other opioids?

Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is significantly more potent than other opioids, such as morphine and heroin. It is often prescribed by healthcare providers to manage pain, but it is also manufactured illegally and sold on the streets as a recreational drug.

How has fentanyl contributed to the opioid epidemic in Indiana?

Fentanyl has contributed to the opioid epidemic in Indiana by causing a significant increase in opioid overdoses. It is often added to other drugs, such as heroin, to increase their potency, which can be extremely dangerous and lead to overdose and death.

What are the signs and symptoms of a fentanyl overdose?

Signs and symptoms of a fentanyl overdose can include extreme drowsiness, confusion, pinpoint pupils, slowed breathing or heart rate, blue lips or nails, and loss of consciousness. If you suspect a fentanyl overdose, it is important to seek emergency medical attention immediately.

What can I do to protect myself and my loved ones from the dangers of fentanyl?

To protect yourself and your loved ones from the dangers of fentanyl pills, it is important to avoid illicit drugs, seek help for addiction, use overdose prevention tools such as naloxone, dispose of unused drugs, and educate yourself and others about the risks associated with opioid use.

What is being done at the state and federal level to address the fentanyl crisis in Indiana?

At the state and federal level, there are a number of efforts underway to address the fentanyl crisis in Indiana. These include increasing access to treatment for addiction, improving data collection and monitoring, providing education and training to healthcare providers and law enforcement agencies, and cracking down on drug trafficking and illegal manufacturing.